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Reptile Care and Advice Reptile Care and Advice


Name

Horsefields
Spur-ThighMarginatedHermans
Tortoise

Leopard tortoise
Geochelone pardalis

Spurred tortoise
Geochelone sulcata

Redfooted Tortoise

Geochelonia carbonaria

Indian Star Tortoises Geochelone elegans


Turtles

Sliders/Yellow Bellied

Vivarium
Size



Never use a vivarium or aquariums.

Use tortoise table minimum size 3ftx4ftx1ft deep sides.

Summers outdoors in rabbit runs etc. Not open topped ones.

Never use a vivarium or aquariums.

Use a tortoise table. Juveniles. Table minimum size 3ftx4ftx1ft deep sides.

Large examples may be 60 cm (over 2 feet) long and weigh over 35 kg (about 80 lbs.).

So a shed with outside access is required.

Never use a vivarium or aquariums.

Use a tortoise table for babies. Juveniles. Table minimum size 3ftx4ftx1ft deep sides.

83 cm (over 2.5 feet) and a maximum recorded weight of 105 kg (about 240 lbs.).  African Spurred tortoises like (and need) space - lots of it. 

Never use a vivarium or aquariums.

Use a tortoise table A table for one minimum size 3ftx4ftx1ft

A table enclosure 7x7x1ft will house a trio happily through the winter months,


Never use a vivarium or aquariums.

Use tortoise table minimum size 3ftx4ftx1ft deep sides.

Summers outdoors when warm in rabbit runs etc. Not open topped ones.

Ferplast Geo Lg for Hatchlings.

3ft x 2ft x 1ft min., for one adult.


Lighting
Required




Require full spectrum lighting ReptiGlo 10 compact and a basking spot bulb PT2134 or a combined heat spot bulb Mega ray or T-Rex UV heat spot lamp. All these should be used with a Porcelain Wire Clamp Holder PT2062

For more info see link bellow.

Require full spectrum lighting and a basking area.

As for Horsefields Lighting
Required.

For more info see link bellow.

Require full spectrum lighting and a basking spot bulb or a combined heat spot bulb Mega ray or T-Rex UV heat spot lamp

For more info see link bellow.

Use a 5% UVB strip bulb for young animals, moving to UV 10 tube and starter after 9-12 months of age.

These are forest tortoise so do not like it too bright.

Require full spectrum lighting and a basking spot bulb or a combined heat spot bulb Mega ray or T-Rex UV heat spot lamp

For more info see link bellow.

Need full spectrum lighting UV 5 plus starter.


Heating
Required

No heat mats they can cook the tortoise as they lay on them.

Use an infra red or red spot bulb on an appropriate thermostat for the night temps See note* bellow).

A combined heat spot bulb Mega ray or T-Rex UV heat spot lamp as above in the Lighting section. Raise or lower to get the correct temps.

*No heating at night as long as the night temps do not go bellow 60f.

No heat mats they can cook the tortoise as they lay on them.

As for Horsefields.


For more info see link bellow.

No heat mats they can cook the tortoise as they lay on them.

As for Horsefields.


For more info see link bellow.

86-88f with a night time drop to around 77f.

Humidity is important, in the region of 70-80%.

heat via the ambient air temp more than through the use of strong lights since most Reds don't take to prolonged basking, relying on the air temperature to maintain there body heat. Use a Basking spot bulb on a thermostat.

To raise the humidity indoors on a tortoise table place the water bowl PT2804 on a heat mat 4”x5” or 6”x11”.

No heat mats they can cook the tortoise as they lay on them.

As for Horsefields


For more info see link bellow.

Temperature of 80ºF

Use aquarium heater thermostat and heater cage

Substrate


Peat or Coir/playpen sand mixed 1:1.

Garden soil and sand.

Herbifloor which is a pellet of herbs and grasses so if ingested is said not cause impaction.

As for Horsefields.

As for Horsefields.

Topsoil is good and combined with forest bark makes a good floor medium also helping hold a humidity level far easier than just bark alone.

As for Horsefields.

Bare bottom tank is easiest to keep clean.

Décor



Rocks, a flat piece of stone to put under the heat lamp and feeding station.

A water bowl must be included and filled with fresh water daily.PT2804

Rocks, a flat piece of stone to put under the heat lamp and feeding station.

A water bowl must be included and filled with fresh water daily. PT2804

Rocks, a flat piece of stone to put under the heat lamp and feeding station.

A water bowl must be included and filled with fresh water daily. PT2804

Hides should be given in several areas, with bark arches always a firm favourite.

A water bowl must be included and filled with fresh water daily. PT2804

Rocks, a flat piece of stone to put under the heat lamp and feeding station.

A water bowl must be included and filled with fresh water daily. PT2804

Turtle dock or rocks and bog wood to climb out on to sunbathe.

Feeding

NEVER USE DRY TORTOISE PELLET FOODS CAN CAUSE POOR SHELL DEVELOPMENT.

Garden weeds

Go to

http://www.

tortoisetrust.org

/articles/

plantfoods.html


Use Repton or Nutrobal and Ca substitute or similar T268.

NEVER USE DRY TORTOISE PELLET FOODS CAN CAUSE POOR SHELL DEVELOPMENT.

They come from mainly grassland so are grazers and need grasses mostly.

For more information go to

http://www.tortoisetrust.

org/care/cpardalis.html


Use Repton or Nutrobal and Ca substitute or similar T268 .

Geochelone sulcata require daily access to a natural grazing area and will feed readily upon mixed grasses, hibiscus, clover and - a great favourite - prickly pear pads. Due to their prodigious rate of growth, their demand for calcium and mineral trace elements is high. A calcium-D3 supplement should be provided daily. T268

For more information go to


http://www.tortoisetrust.

org/care/csulcata.html

good dietary management for Redfoots contains 70% greens, weeds being preferred as they have a good calcium/phosphorus content. Salad greens can be mixed in also including Watercress, Romaine lettuce, Lambs lettuce and some Water cress (Collard greens). 30% of the diet can contain a variety of chicken breast can be offered as well as snails Slugs, earth worms and other small invertebrates. Protein feeds should only be offered in small amounts weekly or fortnightly. Redfoots need an ample supply of water as they drink huge amounts daily and often enjoy sitting in a good sized water container. Remember also to use a good quality multivitamin and mineral supplement such as Repton ,Nutrobal

or similar T268 .


It grazes extensively upon mixed grasses. It also favours the fruit and pads of the prickly pear (Opuntia sp.), succulents and thistles. Star tortoises will graze happily on lawn grass if presented with the opportunity and this seems to prevent most such problems Their demand for calcium and mineral trace elements is high. Use of a supplement is critical - especially with juveniles and egg-laying females. T268

For more information go to

http://www.tortoisetrust.

org/care/celegans.html

Feed dry turtle pellets earth worms lance fish pieces of raw fish. Use Ca and Ca mineral supplements. T268





Hibernate

Yes

No

No

No

No

N/A

Note for all Tortoise

The keeping of tortoise is very rewarding but not to be gone into lightly. Read up on them especially the one that you are interested in. Do not buy online as you do not know what you are buying. Check out petshops some are better than others and should take the time to talk to you about the tortoise ask some basic questions that you already know the answer to and if they give poor advice go elsewhere. Try to find a breeder if possible Remember they can live for 130 years.

Good information can be found through the Tortoise trust.


http://www.tortoisetrust.org/care/celegans.html

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